The aging process leads to impaired digestive function, cardiovascular system, urinary system, and so on, making the health and life of the elderly have many changes. Therefore, it is necessary to have a reasonable diet that helps the elderly to absorb nutrients, improve their health and prevent old-age diseases better.
The elderly often have reduced chewing ability, endured teeth loss or, making grinding food by mouth inefficiently. Therefore, the pulverizing and pureeing of food will facilitate the elderly to absorb more easily.
Meal planning for seniors
Eating many small meals reduces the pressure on the stomach and helps the digestive system work with more ease. Therefore, the elderly should eat three main meals a day at regular times, alternating 2-3 smaller meals. Moreover, the space between meals should be equal and punctual.
You should also change the ingredients of each meal regularly for the elderly to be less boring, but still ensuring and balancing the nutrients in every meal.
- Grains and nuts: For the elderly, protein digestion and absorption are weak, so protein deficiency is easy to occur. Therefore, it is necessary to supplement protein for the elderly with cereals. We can use beans and cereals that can be either pureed in milk or cooked in a creamy soup.
- Vegetables and fruits: Fiber helps stimulate bowel movements, avoid constipation, so it is very necessary for the elderly’s meals. In particular, green fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins and minerals such as kiwifruit, grapefruit, grape apple, banana can make smoothies or juices.
Preliminary processing of cooking ingredients
For cereals, choose fresh seeds and remove damaged seeds carefully. For hard nuts and grains, simmer to soften before pureeing.
Fresh fruits and vegetables are preferred. Take care of food safety by washing fruits and vegetables carefully, cooking them thoroughly. You should also remove old or overripe fruits, even if stored in the refrigerator to avoid poisoning or digestive disorders.
Before you puree your food, check the softness and hardness of each type of fruit and vegetable. Carrots, for example, need to be stewed well before pureeing. Vegetables should also be boiled before grinding.
Using blenders or food processor to puree the ingredients
This is the most important step that everyone needs to pay attention to. To puree foods and vegetables perfectly, select a suitable utensil. Traditionally, people would pulverize food by hand with a spoon. This way will be quicker and less costly, but the food will not be pureed evenly and still have some large pieces. Besides, some hard ingredients will be difficult to crush this way.
Ideally, you should choose a food processor or a blender for better and more effective performance. When using these cooking utensils, you just need to put the necessary ingredients in the pitcher and press the “on” button to start the machine. Then, depending on your needs, you can adjust the right speed to create the desired texture of the foods.
During pureeing, if the mixture is too loose, you can add a little more ingredients to thicken it. On the contrary, if the puree is too thick, add a little liquid. When the mixture reaches the desired consistency, you can turn off the machine and put it in a bowl or glass to enjoy.
Having a blender or a food processor on hand will bring a lot of benefits to your cooking, especially for the elderly. As mentioned above, the elderly need to divide into several small meals during the day for easy absorption, so a puree blender will help you prepare food more quickly and easily.
Cleaning after use
Cleaning is very important to ensure safety for the next use. So after you finish blending, you should pour water to soak and use a soft cloth to clean the parts of the machine.
Wash the pitcher or jar under running water and rinse vigorously to wash off any remaining food. Avoid allowing food to stick for long as this will make cleaning the jar more difficult and not guaranteeing hygiene when cooking for the next time.
Here are some tips for you to make an ideal puree food for seniors. Hopefully, it will be helpful for you and help you take better care of your loved ones.